General Orthopedics

The board-certified orthopedic surgeons at Advanced Orthopedics & Sports Medicine in St. Louis address a spectrum of disorders affecting bones, cartilage, joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. They are trained in all aspects of the musculoskeletal system and are committed to helping you restore motion and lead a pain-free life.

Our doctors will provide you with a detailed diagnosis, a clear explanation of your injury or condition, and your treatment options. They believe in the importance of communication and patient education, which empowers you to actively participate in the decision-making process so you feel confident and comfortable about your care.

Some of the most common disorders we treat include arthritis, fractures, strains, and sprains.


Arthritis is inflammation of a joint. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsens with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

  • Osteoarthritis: The most common type of arthritis and form of joint disease, osteoarthritis is caused by aging, overuse, or trauma to a joint. This type of arthritis causes cartilage – the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint – to break down, resulting in the bones rubbing together. The more the cartilage deteriorates, the more painful the condition becomes.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis: This type of arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that targets the lining of joints (synovium).

Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goal of treatment is to decrease the pain and improve quality of life. Osteoarthritis treatments may include:

  • PRP therapy: An injection of your body’s own blood cells directly into the injured area stimulates a natural healing response.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter medicines such as NSAIDS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen) or acetaminophen can be used to control pain and inflammation in joints. Some prescription medications may also be effective in controlling pain.
  • Exercise and physical therapy: Canes, crutches, walkers, or splints may help relieve the stress and strain on arthritic joints. Learning methods of performing daily activities that are the less stressful to painful joints also may be helpful, such as exercise.
  • Surgery:
    • Removing the diseased or damaged joint lining
    • Realignment of the joints
    • Fusing the ends of the bones in the joint together, to prevent joint motion and relieve joint pain
    • Replacing the entire joint (total joint replacement)

Treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may include over-the-counter or prescription medications, including injections; splinting (for RA in the hand); physical or hand therapy; and surgery.


Fractures (broken bones) may be treated with or without surgery depending on the severity of the injury. Common causes of fractures include motor vehicle accidents, sports, and falls. Bone diseases such as osteoporosis or tumors may also cause fractures.

Our physicians have experience treating a range of fractures from simple, stable fractures (where the bone breaks into two pieces and does not penetrate the skin) to complex, comminuted fractures (where the bone breaks into multiple pieces and penetrates the skin).

Common types of fractures we see include:

Non-surgical treatment for simple fractures may include a cast, splint, walking boot, brace, sling, anti-inflammatory drugs, and physical therapy. Severe, complex fractures often require surgical intervention. In either case, the goal of fracture treatment is to prevent infection, to allow the fracture to heal, and to restore function to the injured area.

Strains and Sprains

Strains and sprains are common injuries that share similar signs and symptoms, although they involve different parts of the body.

  • Strain: The stretching or tearing of a muscle or tendon. Strains often occur in the lower back or hamstring muscle.
  • Sprain: The stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect two bones. The most common location for a sprain is your ankle.

Symptoms of a sprain include pain, swelling, bruising, limited ability to move the injured joint, and a loud “pop” at the time the injury occurs. Symptoms of a strain include pain, swelling, muscle spasms, and a limited ability to move the affected muscle.

Treatment for sprains and strains requires rest, ice, compression, and elevation: limit movement, apply ice to the affected area, use an elastic bandage to compress the area, and elevate the injured area above the level of your heart.

Mild strains and sprains can be treated at home while more severe ones sometimes require surgery or physical therapy.

Comprehensive Orthopedic Care from Head to Toe

The doctors at Advanced Orthopedics & Sports Medicine are dedicated to providing you the best orthopedic health care in St. Louis, Missouri. In addition to general orthopedic care, we also treat sports injuries and work-related injuries, and we provide a number of on-site services for your convenience. To schedule an appointment, call (314) 721-7325 today or use our online appointment request form.

Advanced Orthopedics & Sports Medicine

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